iran insight

IRAN AT A GLANCE

  • Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran

  • Head of State: President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani

  • National Day: 11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)

  • Capital: Tehran

  • Area: 1,648,196 sq km

  • Land boundaries: 4,137 km

  • Sea boundaries: 2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)

  • River boundaries: 1,918 km

  • Border countries: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

  • Climate: Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.

  • Natural resources: Petroleum,  natural  gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

  • Arable land: 300,000 sq. Km (18.2%)

  • Meadows and pastures: 900,000 sq. Km (54.6%)

  • Forest and woodland: 120,000 sq. Km (7.3%)

  • Other: 258,000 sq. Km (15.7%)

  • Irrigated land: 70,000 sq. Km (4.2%)

  • Agricultural products: Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts,  poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.

  • Population: 82.91 million (2019)

  • Population growth rate: 1.4% (2019)

  • Religions: Muslim (99.56%) and Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish (0.44%)

  • Languages: Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic

  • Literacy: Total (85.54%)

  • Currency: Rial (IRR)

  • GDP: $454 billion (2018)

  • GDP per capita: $5550.06 (2018)

  • GDP growth rate: -6.8 % (2019)

  • Total Imports: 43.2 USD bn (2019)

  • Total Exports: 65.72 USD bn (2019)

  • Foreign Direct Investment: 4870 million US $ (2012)

  • Industries: Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies

  • Electricity: Production: 276 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh)

  • Transportation:

  • Railways networks: 12000 km (2013)

  • Road networks: 220000 km (2013)

  • Ports: 11 commercial ports

  • Airports: 64


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